2010 U.S. Census:  A Profile of the Asian Population

While the total U.S. population grew by 9.7 percent to 308.7 million in 2010, the Asian[1] population grew more than four times faster than any other racial group.  The Asian alone[2] population increased from 10.2 million in 2000 to 14.7 million in 2010, registering a 43 percent growth.  Likewise, the Asian alone-or-in-combination[3] population increased by 46 per­cent as it grew from 11.9 million in 2000 to 17.3 million in 2010. 

The Asian population grew in all regions of the U.S.  The alone-or-in-combination population grew the fastest in the South, boasting a 69 percent increase.  This is followed by a 48 percent growth in the Midwest, a 45 percent growth in the Northeast, and a 36 percent growth in the West.  While more Asians alone or in combination reside in the West, their overall proportion declined by three percentage points.  Roughly 75 percent of the Asian population lives in ten states:  California, New York, Texas, New Jersey, Hawaii, Illinois, Washington, Florida, Virginia, and Pennsylvania.  Of these ten, Texas, Florida, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Washington, and New Jersey recorded the highest growth rates.  Although the Asian population increased in all fifty states, it still represents less than 2 percent of the total population in West Virginia, Mississippi, Alabama, Kentucky, Arkansas, South Carolina, Tennessee, Louisiana, Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, South Dakota, North Dakota, Maine, and Vermont.

Asian subgroups also experienced growth.  The Chinese alone-or-in-combination population is the largest detailed Asian group with a population of four million.  While the Bhutanese population remains proportionally smaller than that of other detailed Asian groups, it recorded the fastest growth, increasing from 200 in 2000 to 19,000 in 2010.  Asian Indians recorded the largest growth with a 68 percent increase from 2000.  Filipinos followed with a 44 percent increase; the Vietnamese, 42 percent; Koreans, 39 percent.  The Japanese recorded the slowest growth at 14 percent.  Together, the Asian Indians, Chinese, and Filipinos form 60 percent of the Asian alone population. 

To learn more about the 2010 Census Brief “The Asian Population: 2010,” go to the U.S. Census Report.


[1] The adjective Asian “refers to a person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent, including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.”  Bureau of the Census.  “The Asian Population:  2010,” by Elizabeth M. Hoeffel et al.  2010 Census Briefs, 10-11 (March 2012).  http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-11.pdf (accessed June 25, 2012).

[2] The Asian alone population refers to the group of people who reported only the Asian race.  Ibid. 

[3] The Asian alone-or-in-combination population refers to respondents who reported only the Asian race “with those who reported Asian in combination with one or more races.”  Ibid.









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